What is Sleep Apnea?
This is a condition characterized by instances of shallow breathing or pauses in breathing when a person is sleeping. The pauses can last for several minutes thus depriving the body of oxygen. Sleep apnea is classified into three categories, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), Central Sleep Apnea (CSA), and Complex Sleep Apnea.
If this disorder is untreated, it leads to memory loss, stroke, heart diseases, obesity, blood pressure, insulin resistance, and parasomnias. It can also lead to premature death. Daytime sleepiness and loss of concentration, especially in pilots are some of the public health hazard related to sleep apnea.
Who is at a Greater Risk?
Most individuals with this condition are overweight. Generally, men are at a greater risk of getting sleep apnea than women. This condition is prone to occur at any age. However, the risks increase with age. A person with a family history of this disorder has higher chances to get the disease. Individuals with smaller airways in the mouth, nose or throat are more likely to get the disorder. Small kids have enlarged tonsils, and this increases their risks to get the disease. Hispanics and Pacific Islanders are at a greater risk than whites.
What Should a Person Avoid When Having Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a serious condition and therefore anything that can exacerbate it should be avoided. Here are some of the things to avoid:
Excess weight increases fat in the throat area thus clogging air passage. Unfortunately, the same disorder causes weight gain due to increased appetite for unhealthy foods. Sleep apnea leads to sleep deficiency, and this limits the person from being active. Therefore, weight cannot be lost through exercises. In this case, weight loss surgery will be more efficient.
This is a muscle relaxant. It can loosen the throat more than normal during sleep, hence increasing the vulnerability of the airway to obstruction. The effects of alcohol diminish as the level of alcohol goes down. Nevertheless, reducing intake may help.
Muscle relaxants loosen muscles thus expose people to sleep apnea and increased snoring. Sleeping pills make a person have a deep sleep, which makes it harder to awaken from sleep when experiencing sleep apnea.
Sleeping on the back worsens the condition. It is advisable to sleep on the sides. Sleep position has to do with where and how the weight falls on the airway.
The body craves for deep sleep, and when this sleep is deprived, the body will make up for the lost sleep. Deep sleep is dangerous since it exacerbates sleep apnea due to the increased state of relaxation. Sparing more time for sleep at night is essential. Sleep apnea creates a cruel circle since it causes restlessness, which leads to loss of sleep, which in turn worsens the condition.
Cigarettes are bad for everyone. Nevertheless, they are worse for people with sleep apnea since they are direct irritants. Over time, smoking can make the upper airway swell, deteriorating the poor condition of the mouth and throat.
What Foods Should You Avoid?
These fruits increase mucus production, which worsens breathing disorders linked to sleep apnea. Soft and over-ripe bananas are more dangerous than the hard less ripe ones. It is advisable to avoid bananas and other mucus producing foods.
These are foods with additional sugars such as enriched flour, corn syrup, sugar cane, and honey. Refined carbohydrates have less dietary benefits. Instead, they add more calories. They provide less satiation, and may alter your blood and sugar levels. These two factors may lead to weight gain and hence exacerbate sleep apnea. For you to get the best results from the treatment administered, you should limit or completely avoid regular soft drinks, processed snacks, cookies, frozen desserts, candy, etc.
High-fat meat supplies extra amounts of saturated fats, thus increasing your risk of cardiovascular disorders. This could trigger or worsen inflammation a person’s body. You should replace high-fat steaks such as bacon, sausage, and cheeseburgers with other healthier options such as cold water fish like salmon.
Some of the common treatments for sleep apnea are CPAP breathing machines, surgeries, nasal dilators and lifestyle changes. Some of the surgeries include tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, which involves the removal of tonsils and adenoids respectively, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (removal of excess throat tissue), tracheostomy (placing a tube in the windpipe), etc.
How the Plastic Surgery Procedure, Orthognathic Surgery (Jaw Surgery), is the Best Solution
Orthognathic surgery is performed in sleep apnea cases that are more complex. It is done if the jaws do not meet correctly or when the teeth do not fit with the jaws. The upper and lower jaw’s bones are repositioned to increase the size of the airway. The process is done in a hospital under general anesthesia. The patient must stay for one to two days at the hospital before the procedure.
This surgery is the best since it has multiple benefits. It improves the appearance, breathing, sleep, speech, chewing, and speaking of a patient. Whereas most of the other treatments administered only treat the disease, orthognathic surgery cures sleep apnea. Every patient’s throat and nose have a unique shape. Therefore, before surgery, the plastic surgeon measures the airway at multiple areas to examine the defects of airflow from the nose to the lungs.
Are you tired of your condition? Most of the solutions treat but do not cure sleep apnea. Orthognathic surgery cures sleep apnea and modifies your looks. Apply for the surgery and say goodbye to sleep apnea. Dr. Jamali is a certified oral and maxillofacial surgery based in New York. He uses advanced technology to show you how the surgery will be performed. Using the top-notch technology, you will be given an idea of how you will look after the procedure. You can get Dr. Jamali at 42 Broadway, Suite 1501 New York, NY 10004. You may also call him on 212-480-2777.